Why the Mixe people have an important heritage in Mexican Fashion Design history? – KUNST

Why the Mixe people have an important heritage in Mexican Fashion Design history?


Despite living in a poor area of the Sierra Norte de Oaxaca, the mixes stand out and are known in the world for their traditions dating back to pre-Hispanic times. The Mixes, an indigenous people with their name in their language "Miixe (ayuukjä'äy)" in their language means: "people who speak the language of the mountain".

"Historically the ayuujk jää'y or the mixes as they call themselves as "those never that were never conquered "and for years they have developed and practiced an internal intellectual movement that promotes communality as a way of life. All the decisions of the people, the form of land tenure, the work (the tequio), are made collectively. "- commented the researcher of the INAH Oaxaca Center, a Doctor In Social Anthropology, María del Carmen Castillo in an interview for the mixe's textile design impact.

In that sense, the Mixe community has been motivated, from the Tlahui blouse scandal, to design a series of activities to publicize their culture in a broader way. This was said at a press conference at the Textile Museum of Oaxaca last year, because they believe that by sharing and showing their culture from themselves, they will obtain respect for their heritage.

We spoke with Efraín Martínez Miranda, representative in Oaxaca of the regional organization, dedicated to encouraging entrepreneurs, producers and artisans in rural communities to manage their social, economic and cultural projects. In the time that Region has been operating in this State, Efraín has had the opportunity to collaborate with Mixed artisans and comments that "as a result of the problem with the Tlahui blouse, it is also good to talk about the positive aspects. In the time following the scandal, the production of textiles in the community has doubled, generating jobs and interest in recovering their workshops for the production of textiles.

In addition to this, innovations have emerged such as men's shirts, which were not normally made and which also show the Mixe symbolism that is commonly worn on women's blouses."

«It is important to mention that the blouses and shirts with embroidery of maguey, flowers, snake, mountains, etc. Now known for the Tlahui blouse, they are not the only textile representation of the mixes, "says Efraín," among the great variety of pieces are also the wool overcoats and backpacks in natural colors made on a pedal or waist loom; cotton shawls also made on a pedal loom, dyed naturally with indigo, pericón, palo de águila, grana cochineal, banana, among other things that, with the fine reparations, make the textiles look elegant and with a soft texture. "

Today, their textile creations are revered especially for its colorful clothing, as well as its designs and embroideries with unique and original forms, are what has given the ethnicity international popularity.

The huipiles, rebozos and mixes blouses offer designs that capture the secrets of their relationship with the sky, with the earth and with nature.

The Mixe community inhabits 19 municipalities of the northwest of Oaxaca, in the high zone of the mountain range and in part of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec.

The ethnic group has a population of approximately 118,000 people. Most of the municipalities where they live are considered to have a strong expulsion status, and the poles of attraction are the city of Oaxaca, Mexico City and the United States.

In recent times, Mixe women have managed to conquer political and social spaces, not only in their communities, but nationally and internationally.

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